Argumentative Essay on Pros and Cons of Abortion
Abortion is a very sensitive issue. Many people are constantly debating whether or not abortion should be allowed or not. Some people think abortion is very bad and that it should not be allowed at all. They think abortion is like committing murder as it is killing the human fetus. Others feel that the parents should have the right to choose and it is not murder until the baby is born. People who think it is bad say that the fetus is something alive, a human being who is partly formed and to do abortion is to kill it and commit murder. The people who think it is ok say that it is not murder until and unless the child is born. I think that abortion has to be seen about which stage the fetus is in. If it is in the very early stage, then it is not murder. But if it has already developed into a larger fetus, it can be considered as murder.
There are other times when abortion is also fine. For example if there is a complication in pregnancy and the mother can suffer because of the child, I think it is ok to do abortion. It is important to understand the various ideas that go behind abortion. The right of an abortion for a mother should be left on her own decision as the mother knows best about her condition. She is going to be the 'host body' for the baby, even though her own, for nine months and according to Thompson, the mother should have the right to decide if she wants to foster and go through with the ordeal.
Abortion should not be considered as murder in the early stage, which is the first ten to twelve weeks. Scientific research has proven that even though the fetus starts to develop a face, arms, legs, etc by the tenth week, it does not have a consciousness and it does not constitute as a human being. There have been many arguments over what is right about abortion and what is not. The Pro-Life activists claim that it is an absolute crime to have an abortion at any stage of pregnancy while some of the extreme pro-abortionists believe that the mother should have the right to kill her baby even a week before full birth. These two extremes form the continuum over which all the debate has been made over the past few years over the topic of abortions and no concrete decision has been derived out of them. It is, however, common sense that prevails and leads a person to hold a position that a fetus is not exactly a human being during the first few weeks of conception and that a mother is morally, ethically, and medically permitted to undergo an abortion if she wishes as such (Niebuhr).
People who think like this, such as the National Organization for Women, want abortion to remain legal and allowed as they think that everyone has a right to choose whether they want to keep the baby or kill it. I think it all comes down to realizing when exactly the act of abortion can become murder. For this, many people think of the ideas about exactly when the human fetus becomes a human being. Many people, those who are pro-life and against abortion, consider the fetus as a human being, as a person from the moment that the cell is conceived. Thompson writes there are many people in this world who think that a fetus is a human being as soon as it is conceived, but that is not the case. A fetus is not human until very late in the pregnancy and in the first few weeks it is only a biological entity that is amidst its developmental stage.
It can be very difficult to exactly state at which point the embryo becomes human being. However, many people agree on the fact that the fetus takes up human form and becomes a human a long time before birth. If they think of the fetus as a human being right when it is conceived, then abortion at any stage would be considered as murder. But even then, is the baby not part of the mother? And does she not have the right to choose to kill her baby if she wants to?
Overall, throughout the many years of American history, a constant debate has been made on finding out whether abortion is good or bad. The people who think that abortion is good are called abortionists and those who think it is bad are called non-abortionist. They have been debating for a very long time and they have protested strongly. In 2003, President Bush signed a law to prevent abortion procedures through out the country. This sparked a lot of controversy and organizations like National Organization for Women opposed this strongly. They think it is the invasion of the rights of women. This group wants abortion to remain legal and accessible as they think that everyone has a right to choose whether they want to keep the baby or kill it.
So, even though many people want abortion, and others do not want it, it is not a clear line and no one has been able to find a decisive definition of when abortion becomes murder and when it should be allowed. All in all, it should be left up to the mother and the father to decide if they want to go abortion. But the choice should not be left up to them after the embryo has developed to a stage where it gets the human traits. They should only be allowed to do abortion in the first ten to twelve weeks of pregnancy and doctors should not allow them to do abortion if the fetus is in the later stages of development. This should be the law in all states and it should be put into effect everywhere at once. This would make it equal in all states and no parents could cheat the law by driving to another state and getting abortion done there. Abortion is a serious issue and it should be researched upon more. The problems with the abortionists and the non-abortionists should be solved with active dialogue.
Niebuhr, Reinhold. Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics. Charles Scribner's Sons. 1932.
Thompson, Judith Jarvis. “A Defense of Abortion.” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 1, (1). 1971
Abortion is a controversial topic due to the fact that it touches sensitive issues within the realms of morality, philosophy and ethics. Whether during presidential elections, in a college class, in argumentative essay writing on abortion or simply during a friendly discussion, the debate on abortion and if it should be legal is an ongoing matter similar to religion.
On one side of the spectrum there are people who believe it is the same as committing a murder, while others believe that it is the right of the parent to decide and that as the baby is not born, this does not constitute as a murder. The ongoing debate is a perfect subject for a class or term paper. Writing such type of a paper and its pros and cons is difficult, but not unachievable.
Argumentative Essay on Abortion: Where to Start
In most argumentative essays on abortion, people tend to focus more on their personal belief on the matter, rather than the facts. In order to write an abortion essay that is of value, you should start by stripping yourself of any prejudice and emotion you might have regarding the matter.
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Being able to evaluate the facts is crucial and while you are free to stick to your beliefs, in your essay you should be consistent with the formality of the style.
The arguments you present should be backed by good factual evidence or philosophical argumentation. With that in mind, depending on the lengths you are willing to go when writing an abortion essays, you should start with research.
How to Do Proper Research
Writing with pros and cons on the matter, you might find yourself in a closed cycle, being unable to find the proper information you need. In most places online you will encounter recycled or false information that will not serve a great purpose in your essay. That's why for an argumentative paper on abortion you should focus on proper sources for your research. These include scientific papers and philosophical thesis.
Depending on whether you are arguing for pro-choice or pro-life you might want to focus on a different spectrum or engage with your writing in a different manner.
The Pro-Choice and Pro-Life Beliefs and How to Present them in an Essay
- The papers that have pros and cons included focus either on the pro-choice or pro-life beliefs. Of course, you might also want to take the middle road and present both side of the argument.
- Be sure to explore the variety of reasons behind the beliefs on both sides of the debate. For example, pro-choice people usually argue about the validity of what constitutes as a living being and whether or not a fetus can be considered as a developing person. Pro-life activists, on the other hand, tend to discuss that even scientific research has proven that in the first ten to twelve weeks the fetus has already started developing a face, arms, legs and more.
- A good way to write an abortion essay would be to check out the arguments of the opposite side of the debate compared to the one you are on and try to make good arguments to validate what you believe in.
- Be sure to keep your argumentative essays on abortion or any similar paper factual, to do your research properly and to make your arguments in a scientific or philosophical manner. This will ensure that our essay writing services and your paper will achieve great results.
We hope that now you know how to write an argumentative essay on abortion. Just remember: you have to make your arguments in philosophical or even in a scientific manner.