Individual Rights In Health And Social Care Assignments

Health & Social Care

Subject Leader

Miss M Vickers –


Teaching Staff

Mrs H Burgess –


Subject Overview

We aim to deliver Health and Social Care as a worthwhile and enjoyable experience that is taught with passion and enthusiasm; preparing learners to become effective and ambitious professionals in a health and social care environment.

This subject is proving popular at KS4 and KS5 with students going on to study nursing, social work, teaching and midwifery at University. In addition to this students have found this qualification hugely beneficial in entering the care professions.


BTEC FIRST AWARD  in  Health and Social Care (NQF) LEVEL 2

BTEC Level 2 qualifications designed to provide specialist work-related qualifications in a range of sectors.  They give learners the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to prepare for employment.  The qualifications also provide career development opportunities for those who want to go into a variety of Health or Social Care professions.

Students will follow the Edexcel Health and Social Care specification which consists of 4 units. These units are:

Unit 1:  Human Lifespan Development  (Exam)

The aim of this unit is to enable learners to develop a knowledge and understanding of different aspects of human growth and development across the main life stages. Learners can explore some of the different positive and negative influences which can affect development. This will help them to understand and be able to work with people who use health and social care services more effectively.

Unit 2: Health and Social Care Values    (coursework)

This unit will enable you to understand the high standards expected in health and

social care in order to safeguard the wellbeing of individuals who use health and

social care services.

Unit 3: Effective Communication in Health and Social Care (coursework)

The aim of this unit is to enable learners to gain knowledge, understanding and practical skills they need to be able to communicate effectively within a health and social care environment. Throughout this unit learners will be able to investigate and learn about different forms of communication, understand barriers and be able to communicate effectively.

Unit 8: Individual Rights in Health and Social Care (coursework)

The aim of the unit is to enable learners to gain knowledge and understanding of issues that need to be considered when working health and social environments within a multicultural society. Learners will investigate the many factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society and principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals.

How Students Are Assessed

Evidence for assessment will be generated through a range of diverse activities including exam (unit 1), assignment and project work, case studies, role play and oral presentation (all other units).

A four-point grading scale of L1, Pass, Merit and Distinction is awarded to all units. Successful completion of all eight units can lead to four GCSE equivalent Grades A*-C.

What can I do on completion of this course?

This course leads on to the BTEC Level 3 Certificate in Health and Social Care (or other equivalent courses) depending on grades and eventually to higher education or employment

This qualification is designed to equip you with the knowledge, understanding and practical skills required at an operational level in the care sector.

You will consider the role of care worker, your relationship with, and responsibilities towards, service users and the wider care sector.

Key Stage 5


The health and care sector encompasses staff involved in direct care, as well as specialists such as health scientists, technicians, support staff, supervisors and managers. Job opportunities exist in the statutory, private and voluntary provision of care services. The BTEC Level 3 National Award, Certificates and Diplomas in Health and Social Care can provide a springboard to a university degree or Foundation Degree in an appropriate vocational discipline, to BTEC HNCs and HNDs, or to employment.

This programme provides the perfect platform for you to enter the care profession.

How are you assessed?

It is a practical, work-related course, which will involve a number of projects and assignments that are based on realistic work place situations and activities. It introduces you to the employment areas you may be considering and provides a good basis in which to progress on to a more advanced work-related qualifications.


Each unit is assessed by a variety of assignment tasks, both written and practical.

Each unit will be graded PASS, MERIT or DISTINCTION.

In order to gain the full qualification all units must be successfully completed

Examples of units you will study are:

  1. Developing Effective Communication in Health and Social Care
  2. Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care
  3. Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care
  4. Development Through the Life Stages
  5. Anatomy and Physiology for Health and Social Care
  6. Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care
  7. Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care
  8. Caring for Children and Young People
  9. Public Health
  10. Physiological Disorders


Who is the course for?

This course will appeal to those students who:

■Enjoy studying a subject that is relevant to their own lives and experience

■Want the opportunity to carry out practical work as well as class work

■Want to find out more about the subject through personal investigation

■Are interested in developing an understanding of caring organisations and the clients they serve

■Want to study a course that is active and enjoyable

■Want to move onto a related career or higher education course

■Would like to work in the health care sector, teaching, police force, youth work, social work etc.

Key Stage 4 and Key Stage 5


Trips include visits to St Thomas Hospital – Old Operating Theatre.


Sexual Health worker visits

Baby work shop

Virtual babies


Examples of vocational classroom activities

Making play dough for playschool children

Making board games for the elderly

Making fimo/clay figures for various age groups

Planning and undertaking chair aerobics for the elderly

Planning and undertaking a bingo game

Cake decorating with the elderly


2014 KS5 School Trip to St Thomas’s Old Operating Theatre



What is Ethnic? Ethnics At its simplest, ethics are a system of moral principles, a philosophy dealing with right and wrong. They affect how people make decisions and lead their lives it’s a personal beliefs, principles and non-maleficence. Some people thought that ethical problems could be solved in one of two ways which could be by discovering what God wanted people to do or by thinking rigorously about moral principles and problems. They infuse debates on topics like abortion, human rights and professional conduct.

There are several ethics principle which include autonomy, beneficence,non-malefience and trustworthy. I will give brief summary of what BACP say about these principles and also explain how these principles provide support.

According to the BACP Non-maleficence means to cause no harm. It is also a commitment to avoiding harm to the client .in a care home situation staff would need to be trained properly to avoid abuse. They can do this by making sure CRB is checked as well as making sure staff attends the course. They can also provide training regularly to make staff do not forget what their responsibities are.

If any abuse is suspected in a care home for example, if a client on wheelchair is constipated and needs help to use the toilet but care worker ignored clients because they can’t be bothered anymore such practice could make client feel sad likewise cause more illness, damage to client, such practice should be reported immediately because ‘Practitioners should be willing to be accountable to their clients’ this would protect clients from harm.

Therfore staff should make sure risk assessment is carried out before any activities this would ensure that clients are not at risk because risk assessment has been carried out to reduce risks all this would incorporate non-maleficence.above all as a professional you should promote the rights,choice,wellbeing of an individual.

Beneficence: ‘beneficence means acting in the best interests of the client based on professional Assessment ‘basically acting in a way that benefits service users therefore it is important to respect and listen to client. For instance if a service user prefers to take tablets instead of injection, professionals should be able to act in a way that would benefits the service user by giving her tablets instead of forcing her to have injections however there are several ways medication could be pass to the body so if injection cannot be offered professionals should be able to give options on other ways clients could take their medication.

Trustworthy:Being trustworthy is regarded as fundamental to understanding and resolving ethical issues therefore professional needs to honour their agreements and promises and make sure all clients needs and want are met. Professionals are encouraged to keep appropriate records of their work with clients unless there are adequate reasons for not keeping any records.

All records should be accurate, respectful, and truthful of clients and colleagues and protected from unauthorised disclosure. For example if client hasn’t received their medication for a while but it says in the record their have received it then the record i not accurate and could cause confusions as well as client could feel they are not taking his/her health serious which could upset client. Trustworthy This is very crucial in health and social setting and when planning support because If the professional is trusted by the client, client would feel comfortable and would be able to speak out about problems more often.

Justice: means that everyone must be treated equally also requires being just and fair to all clients and respecting their human rights and dignity no matter what their background which include culture, religion, sex orientation, sexuality, race etc therefore no one should be treated differently because of the background they come from. Professionals should be committed to equality of opportunity, and avoiding discrimination against people.

For instance in a health and social care setting if care worker decided not to attend to Mr. khan because he is Asian therefore she doesn’t want nothing to do with him because of his background such practice is race discrimination and shouldn’t not be allowed as it could make Mr. khan feel unwanted likewise it could lower his self esteem, which could make other service user not doesn’t nothing to do with Mr. khan as well because they have seen how his been treated by care worker.

Autonomy: Autonomy is promoting the independence of a client and giving them all the self determination possible as well as respecting a person’s choice. It gives the right to be able to do what you like, freedom of speech, understanding individual’s view and helping to understand situation better and have your own say about things going on around you. It’s important when planning support as the client’s independence promotes the life they live. It enables service users to have freedom of speech and make their own choice. E.g. if Mrs. smith prefers Jane(care worker ) to dress her up then she is entitled to making her own decision because it could be that she feel more comfortable when Jane is around here.

Ethical Dilemma

An ethical dilemma is a debate between two moral principles, where two sides can argue about what is wrong or what is right. However, there is no real answer to an ethical dilemma therefore where there is ethics there is always dilemmas.

Firstly you think deeply about the dilemma as it could include taking someone’s life away, then you will think about who will be helped by what you’re doing ,who will get hurt about your final decision as well as who will it benefits . Secondly, this is where you consider looking completely from different perspective not your own, think about what others might say or feel likewise talk about it to other professionals and family to make sure you do not discriminate against moral principles like fairness, equality, respecting the dignity of others involved. However it’s a ethical dilemma it could lead to conflict so you have to balance the rights of both side so therefore you then take both parts of your analysis into account and make a decision based on everything you have researched.

Example 1: Abortion is an ethical dilemma. Some people are pro-abortion while others are strictly against it, it could be because of how they are raised,belief,culture,background etc. for instance if Mr&Mrs hall are a married couple but there are not ready to have children for financial reasons and wants abortion, whereas the doctor is strictly against abortion and refuse to process the situation because of her belief that abortion is like “taking another person’s life” therefore the situation as become an ethical dilemma.

Example 2.: Service user that has been in comma for several years and nothing’s changed, the ethical dilemma would be maybe e to remove service user out of coma as its just taking a lot of money and clients is still in pain, whereas the service user only daughter want to keep her mother because she doesn’t want her to die and wants to be able to see and touch her every day. This would lead to an ethical dilemma between doctors, the care company as well as the daughter.

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