Turkish Useful Phrases For Essays

Anyone can learn 100 words!™ These are the simplest Turkish lessons ever, quicker—and cheaper—than a Turkish language course in Istanbul. Even if you learn Turkish only this much, it's sure to make your trip to Turkey go more smoothly.

100 Travel Words - Turkish

I've developed a special newebook to help you learn The 100 Most Useful Travel Words in Turkish™. The book is 100 Travel Words - Turkish and you can learn more about it here.

Because it's an ebook, not an app, you can read it on any electronic device that can read ebooks: smartphone, tablet, laptop, desktop, no matter what brand. Download the ebook, add it to your ebook-reading app (such as iBooks on Apple iOS devices), and study your 100 Most Useful Words whenever and wherever you like—no need for an Internet, Wifi or mobile phone connection after you've downloaded it. More...

You can get a look at the 100 Most Useful Words on my free website 100 Travel Words - Turkish. Click here!

Study a lesson each day, and in only 10 days you'll know more than 100 Turkish words and short phrases. You'll be surprised how useful they'll be every day during your travels, and how you'll feel much more a part of your surroundings—a traveler, not a tourist—as you pursue your journey.

100 Travel Words - Turkish is the most up-to-date version of my Turkish Language Guide. The links here are to an older version:

Turkish Language Guide

These links below are to older pages....

Lesson 1: Greetings!

Hello, good morning, goodbye, what's your name, how are you...

Lesson 2: Pardon Me...

Pardon, yes, please, thanks, friend, what, how, who...

Lesson 3: Why, When, Which?

What's this, how much, how many, I want this, that, the other...

Lesson 4: New-Old, Hot-Cold

And/or, big/small, open/closed, good/bad, beautiful/ugly...

Lesson 5: Where Is...

Train station, bus terminal, toilet, hotel, restaurant, shower, bath...

Lesson 6: Bath & Tea

Luggage, laundry, lights, Turkish bath, toilet paper, tea, money, water...

Lesson 7: Going Places

Car, bus, train, ship, street, map, near/far, left/right, ticket...

Lesson 8: Days of the Week

Also day, daily, today, tomorrow, week...

Lesson 9: Months of the Year

Also month, year...

Lesson 10: Turkish Numbers

Cardinal, ordinal, one-half, million, billion, trillion, quadrillion...

The phonetic pronunciations in the right-hand column of each page are based on the sounds of Standard American English. See my Turkish Pronunciation Guide for more.

—by Tom Brosnahan

Basic Turkish Phrases with Pronunciation

Learn some basic phrases in Turkish with free audio recording

This tutorial was written by Ömer & Mehmet Sener. If you are interested in authentic uses of language, go to Turkish realia for photos taken in Turkey.

Need more Turkish? Try the Turkish courses at Udemy and the audio and video lessons at TurkishClass101.com

Basic Turkish Phrases

Merhabā / İyi günlerHello / Good day
İyi akşamlarGood evening
İyi gecelerGood night
Merhabā / SelâmHi
Güle güle / İyi günlerBye / Goodbye (Good day)
Sonra görüşürüzSee you later
Görüşürüz!See you
Yarın görüşürüzSee you tomorrow
Özür dilerim!Sorry
Affedersiniz / Pardon!Excuse me
Hadi gidelim!Let's go
Nasılsınız?How are you? (formal)
Nasılsın / Nāber?How are you? / What's up? (informal)
İyi değilim / Fenā değilNot fine / not bad
İyiyim.I'm fine
İyilik.I'm fine (informal)
Evet / Hayır / YokYes / No / No (informal)
İsminiz?What's your name? (formal)
İsmin/Adın ne?What's your name? (informal)
Adım / İsmim…My name is ...
Memnun oldumNice to meet you
__ Bey, ___ HanımMister / Misses
Hanımlar ve BeylerLadies and Gentlemen
Nerelisiniz?Where are you from? (formal)
Nerelisin?Where are you from? (informal)
lıyım / …liyim.I am from ...
Nerede oturuyorsunuz?Where do you live? (formal)
Nerede oturuyorsun?Where do you live? (informal)
de/da/te/ta oturuyorum.I live in...
Kaç yaşındasınız?How old are you? (formal)
Kaç yaşındasın?How old are you? (informal)
___ yaşındayımI am ____ years old.
Türkçe biliyor musunuz?Do you speak [know] Turkish? (formal)
İngilizce biliyor musun?Do you speak [know] English? (informal)
Biliyorum / Bilmiyorum.I speak [know]… / I don’t speak…
Anlıyor musunuz? / Anlıyor musun?Do you understand? (formal / informal)
Anlıyorum / Anlamıyorum.I understand / I don’t understand.
Biliyorum / Bilmiyorum.I know / I don’t know.
Yardım eder misiniz? / Yardım eder misin?Can you help me? (formal / informal)
Tabii / Tabii kiOf course.
Efendim?What? Pardon me?
nerede?Where is... / Where are...?
İşte / BuyurunThere it is / Here you are.
var / ...vardı.There is/are... / There was/were...
Türkçe’de ____ nasıl denir?How do you say ____ in Turkish?
Bu ne? / Bunun mānāsı ne?What is this? / What does this mean?
Neyin var?What's the matter?
Önemli bir şey değil.It doesn't matter.
Ne oluyor?What's happening?
Hiç bilmiyorum.I have no idea.
Yoruldum / Hastayım.I'm tired / sick.
Acıktım / Susadım.I'm hungry / thirsty.
Yandım / Üşüdüm.I'm hot / cold.
Sıkıldım.I'm bored.
Beni ilgilendirmezI don't care.
Merāk etmeyin / Merāk etme.Don't worry (formal / informal)
Sorun değil / Önemli değilIt's no problem. / It's alright.
Unuttum.I forgot.
Gitmem lāzım. I must go.
Çok yaşayın / Çok yaşa!Bless you! (formal / informal)
Tebrikler / Tebrik ederim.Congratulations!
Kolay gelsin! / İyi şanslar!(wish of success) / Good luck! (less common)
Sıra sizde / Sıra sendeIt's your turn! (formal / informal)
Sessiz olun / Sessiz ol!Be quiet! (formal / informal)
Seni seviyorum.I love you (singular)

Notice that Turkish has informal and formal ways of saying things. This is because there is more than one meaning to "you" in Turkish (as well as in many other languages). The informal you is used when talking to close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is used when talking to someone who is older than you or someone for whom you would like to show respect (a professor, for example).

As in many Romance languages, personal pronouns can be omitted, and they are only added for emphasis.

Turkish has Vowel Harmony. That’s why we have given a choice of suffixes in the example “I live in…”. This will be dealt with in later sections.

In the examples used, we have used a vowel lengthener sign (as in ā, ī and ū) to differentiate between short and long vowels. Note that it does not show the stress; rather it shows that the vowel is pronounced longer.

The “^” sign is used to soften the consonant that precedes it.

The length and the softening of vowels is conveyed through this one sign “^” in standard writing. Even then it is only used in certain words or phrases nowadays. For that reason we have used two different signs and have put it at every point where needed, to help the new learner.


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