Essay Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor, or commercial sex exploitation. If you are studying it, chances are that you will have to come up with a critical essay that tackles one of its aspects. If you are strapped for time, though, you may have trouble coming up with a topic idea.

So, here are 10 facts that can get your creativity levels up and help you come up with a topic.

  1. Human trafficking is a four-step process. Human trafficking is a complex process that involves breaking a number of national and international laws. The entire process has been mapped out by researchers. It involves four basic steps: Recruitment, Transportation and Entry, Exploitation, Gathering Criminal Proceeds. During this entire process, the victim suffers from mental, emotional, and, in some cases, severe physical abuse.
  2. The FBI led one of the biggest human trafficking raids in history. The US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) collaborated with 135 different local law enforcement agencies to plan and conduct Operation Cross Country XI. This operation helped rescue 149 children who were being sexually exploited and held captive by a large human trafficking ring. This raid by the FBI was considered to be one of the largest of its kind.
  3. Human trafficking is more common in poorer countries. Certain places and cultures are more likely to be involved in all phases of the human trafficking problem (International Organization for Migration, 2012). Typically, the trend is for trafficking victims into wealthier countries to originate income in poorer nations. However, this is not a rule.
  4. Fighting human trafficking requires more than one approach. Research shows that the best way to combat human trafficking is to take a multi-faceted approach. Measures must be made to improve law enforcement capacity and capability; increase awareness through education, outreach and training, assess regulations and refine them if necessary, and analyze and create programs that are practical and realistic.
  5. Human trafficking victims can be categorized. Polaris Project is an international organization that is devoted to the goal of ending human trafficking and modern slavery. Their findings show that human trafficking victims come from sections of population that are already categorized as vulnerable. The most at risk are the poor, the lower classes, at-risk youth, migrants, and individuals belonging to oppressed or highly marginalized groups.
  6. Women and children are mostly trafficked. According to estimates by the International Labor Organization (ILO), 20.9 million people around the world are victims of human trafficking. Over half of these, 68% are ones trapped in the nightmare of forced labor, 55% are girls and women, whereas 26% are children.
  7. Natural and armed conflicts are mainly responsible for this phenomenon. Natural disasters and armed conflicts create environments where the illicit trade of human trafficking runs rampant. Reports have shown that in the aftermath of disasters, human trafficking activities rise in the area. The situations seen in countries such as Sudan, Somalia, Haiti and Afghanistan. Therefore, it is necessary for humanitarian agencies to engage on the prevention of human trafficking.
  8. The role of the internet in this issue should be factored in the solution. Organized crime groups can exploit individuals by using the ubiquitous technology tool: the Internet. Human trafficking groups turn to the internet because it affords virtually perfect anonymity. They use the Internet to ensnare victims and also have access to encrypted financial transactions. They can also easily sell services or images online. The most common tools used by such groups are: Forums, web message boards, chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks, websites, live streaming services. With adequate measures, most of these common tools can be used to mask their online identity and avoid detection by law enforcement agencies.
    Law enforcement agencies across the world face a unique challenge when it comes to the Internet. Countries need to increase their cooperation in dealing with this issue. The traditional local investigative efforts should be refined as well.
  9. Law enforcement officials and other professionals need to be educated on effective victim rehabilitation. For victims of human traffickers, the ordeal continues after being rescued. Effective victim rehabilitation services are marred by many misconceptions. Adequate assistance to the victim can only be provided if their psychological state is understood by the ones helping them. This means educating law enforcement officers, social workers, and healthcare providers on handing these individuals carefully.
    The behavior of law enforcement can affect the level of cooperation of the victim. Since most victims do not know their rights, they remain virtual prisoners even after they have been rescued. The only way to fight the menace of this modern-day slavery is through global collaboration and cooperation.
  10. Child soldiers is an issue that may not be solved easily. Child soldiers have been used in almost all of the recent conflicts occurring in the African region. The major factors which make a child more vulnerable to this extreme form of exploitation are poverty, displacement from home, being orphaned, and having limited access to education. According to the UN and other NGO estimates, over 70,000 former child soldiers have been involved in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programs since 1998. However, thousands remain involved with armed groups in Central and Western Africa. Moreover, peace in the region does not always mean improvement of these children’s’ lives. They might continue to be neglected or have limited access to the DDR programs.

Use these ten facts while coming up with a topic for your critical essay on human trafficking. If you need more help, do not hesitate to check our 20 topics on human trafficking for a critical essay. If you are still not sure about writing a critical essay, check the guidelines in how to write a critical essay on human trafficking.

Aronowitz, A. (2009). Human trafficking, human misery (p. 10). Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
Blake, A. (2015). FBI’s largest ever human trafficking sting leads to over 150 arrests, 149 kids recovered. The Washington Times. Retrieved from
Burke, M. (2013). Human trafficking. New York: Routledge.
Wilson, J., & Dalton, E. (2008). Human Trafficking in the Heartland: Variation in Law Enforcement Awareness and Response. Journal Of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 24(3), 296-313.
Burke, M. (2013). Human trafficking (p. 9). New York: Routledge.
New ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour: 20.9 million victims. (2012). Retrieved 18 March 2016, from–en/index.htm
Human Trafficking | Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research. (2016). Retrieved 18 March 2016, from
Vienna Forum to Fight Human Trafficking, Technology and Human Trafficking 8 (Background Paper, 2008),
Increased focus on the link between the Internet and Human Trafficking | Europol. (2016). Retrieved 18 March 2016, from
Palmiotto, M. Combating human trafficking (pp. 231-232).

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Human trafficking is the fastest increasing criminal industry in todays world, coming in second after illegal drug-trade. This type of slaver has been traced back to the ancient Mesopotamian and Mediterranean civilization and has continued to grow. What is human trafficking? Commonly referred to as "modern-day slavery" is the illegal trade of human beings for forced labor or for exploitation. Exploitation referring to the using others for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery, or the removal of organs. Woman and young children living in poverty are the ones who usually fall in the trap of the traffickers. Due to poverty many woman are not educated and are no employed leaving them with no choice but to sell their bodies to provide for their families. An approximate of 17,500 foreigners are trafficked each year in the United States alone, the number of United States citizens trafficked within the United States are even higher. Human trafficking is a near-guaranteed death due HIV and AIDS woman are infected with. Government around the world are just beginning to address this problem and have realized just how strong this type of slavery has become.

Poverty is the leading cause in human trafficking. It has been documented that poverty leads to a lack of education leading to no employment and that leading to sex trafficking By fighting poverty many believe that there will be an end to sex trafficking too. Woman living in poverty countries will not be looking into sex driven businesses for employment. "Trafficking is inextricably linked to poverty. Wherever privation and economic hardship prevail, there will be those destitute and desperate enough to enter into the fraudulent employment schemes that are the most common intake systems in the world of trafficking." (The United States Agency for International Development) In Kenya, It has been reported that parents have sent their daughters into town for prostitution because they were desperate for money to feed their families. More then 1,500 girls under the age of 18 and as young as 12 in Kenya have been reported to be working prostitution in bars.

It is acknowledged that woman and girls who are trafficked to commercial sex are the ones who will most likely be infected with HIV/AIDS. The threat of the disease among the prostituted woman has not made sex trafficking and prostitution less likely to occur, but has increased the numbers of younger girls being traded. Clients sense that these younger girls are "virgins" and are uninfected by the virus, making them more popular. BBC News reported South America and India are leading with the highest numbers of infected people with HIV/AIDS in the world. South Africa being the first, having 5.1 million living with the disease and India being second by having a rapid increase in numbers of infected woman due to sex trafficking. BBC News reported: "In big red light districts, such as Sonagachi in Calcutta, where at least 10,000 prostitutes make a living, some men continue to insist on sex without condoms.", "The trafficked girls are forced to oblige. Many come from rural villages and do not know what Aids is before they are sold to pimps.", "And as they are moved around the country they can unwittingly spread the disease."

The United States government is committed to fight against human trafficking at home and abroad. The Trafficking victims Protection Act was signed in the year 2000. Stated on this Act: "enhances pre-existing criminal penalties, affords new protections to trafficking victims and makes available certain benefits and serves to victims of severe forms of trafficking.It also establishes a Cabinet-level federal interagency task force and establishes a federal program to provide services to trafficking victims." The U.S is also helping countries abroad by providing many anti-trafficking and development programs. Millions of dollars were provided to organizations all over the world to provide programs so human trafficking can be fought. The programs contribute on informing people the dangers of trafficking and strengthening the numbers of non-government organizations. Also stated on humantrafficking that: "The U.S. has assisted countries to enact anti-trafficking legislation, trained law enforcement officials, prosecutors, border guards and judicial officers on detecting, investigating, and prosecuting traffickers, and protecting victims and provided start-up equipment for new anti-trafficking police units." The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act came out in 2003, dedicated to provide aid to approximately 20,000 victims that are trafficked into the U.S each year. President Bush had signed into law in early January the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005. The United Stated had started monitoring people who were being trafficked in 1994, and is continuing to do so until human trafficking is prosecuted.

All in all, human trafficking is a serious crime that not many people are informed about. Young woman and children are forced into this sickening business everyday. Woman and children living in poverty do not know the meaning of human trafficking due to the lack of education. The highest percentage with people carrying the HIV/AIDS virus is for woman on this planet, many believing part of the percentage is because of human trafficking. Not many woman and children know the risks they are taking when they have no choice but to sell their bodies. Government all over the world should be providing information on human trafficking because no nation is immune from this crime

If it comes in second, it is not fastest.
Human trafficking is one of the fastest increasing criminal industry in today's world, coming in second after illegal drug-trade.

Check for small typos:
and are no employed...

It is acknowledged that woman and girls who are trafficked to commercial sex are the ones who will most likely be infected with HIV/AIDS (put a citation here).

The United States government is committed to the fight against
The United States government is committed to fighting against

Also stated on : "The U.S. has assisted countries to enact anti-trafficking legislation, trained law enforcement officials, prosecutors, border guards and judicial officers on detecting, investigating, and prosecuting traffickers, and protecting victims and provided start-up equipment for new anti-trafficking police units" (paragraph X). ---- it is good if you put a paragraph or page number. Also, it really is best if you use the writer's name or the organization's name instead of just the web address. The web address goes in the reference list, but in the text cite the person or organization whose words you are using.

Anyway, this essay has a lot of potential. If you want to clean up the MLA, google this:
Purdue owl MLA


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