Scott Yanow Allmusic Essay Hard Bop Jazz

Moanin’ is a jazz album by Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers recorded in 1958 for the Blue Note label.

This was Blakey’s first album for Blue Note in several years, after a period of recording for a miscellany of labels, and marked both a homecoming and a fresh start. Originally the LP was self-titled, but the instant popularity of the bluesy opening track “Moanin'” (by pianist Bobby Timmons) led to its becoming known by that title.

The album stands as one of the archetypal hard bop albums of the era, for the intensity of Blakey’s drumming and the work of Morgan, Golson and Timmons, and for its combination of old-fashioned gospel and blues influences with a sophisticated modern jazz sensibility. The album was identified by Scott Yanow in his Allmusic essay as one of the 17 Essential Hard Bop Recordings.



  • Moanin’ (Bobby Timmons) – 9:30
  • Are you Real (Benny Golson) – 4:45
  • Along Came Betty (Benny Golson) – 6:09
  • The Drum Thunder Suite (Benny Golson) – 7:15
    First theme: Drum Thunder – 6:19
    Second theme: Cry a Blue Tear – 5:50
    Third theme: Harlems Disciples – 3:25
  • Blues March (Benny Golson) – 6:53
  • Come Rain or Come Shine (J.Mercer, H. Arlen) – 5:45
  • Moanin’ (alternate take) – 3:53


Lee Morgan – Trumpet
Benny Golson – Tenore sax
Bobby Timmons – Piano
Jimmy Merritt – Doublebass
Art Blakey – Drumset


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A Night at the Village Vanguard is a live album by tenor saxophonist Sonny Rollins released on Blue Note Records in 1958. It was recorded at the Village Vanguard in New York City in November 1957 from three sets, two in the evening and one in the afternoon with sidemen. For the afternoon set, Rollins played with Donald Bailey on bass and Pete LaRoca on drums; in the evening they were replaced respectively by Wilbur Ware and Elvin Jones.[1]


The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states: "This CD is often magical. Sonny Rollins, one of jazz's great tenors, is heard at his peak... Not only did Rollins have a very distinctive sound, but his use of time, his sly wit, and his boppish but unpredictable style were completely his own by 1957."[2] Music critic Robert Christgau highly praised the album, writing: "Rollins is charged with venturing far out from these tunes without severing the harmonic moorings normally secured by a piano. He does it again and again – but not without a certain cost in ebullience, texture, and fullness of breath. Impressive always, fun in passing, his improvisations are what avant-garde jazz is for."[3] The album was identified by Scott Yanow in his Allmusic essay "Hard Bop" as one of the 17 Essential Hard Bop Recordings.[4]The Penguin Guide to Jazz gave it a maximum four stars plus crown, concluding that "these are record[ing]s which demand a place in any collection".[5]

On September 14, 1999, the remastered album was reissued by Blue Note as part of its Rudy Van Gelder series. Expanded to two compact discs, it included all the available recordings from the November 3 date.

Track listing[edit]

All tracks from the evening sets except as indicated.

1999 reissue track listing[edit]

All tracks from the evening sets except as indicated; program in chronological order as presented originally.

1."A Night in Tunisia" (afternoon set)Dizzy Gillespie, Frank Paparelli8:16
2."I've Got You Under My Skin" (afternoon set)Cole Porter10:03
3."A Night in Tunisia"Dizzy Gillespie, Frank Paparelli9:03
4."Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise" (alternate take)Oscar Hammerstein, Sigmund Romberg6:43
5."Four"Miles Davis8:26
6."introduction" 0:20
7."Woody 'n' You"Dizzy Gillespie8:29
8."introduction" 0:36
9."Old Devil Moon"E.Y. Harburg, Burton Lane8:19




  1. ^Bailey, C. Michael (August 10, 2005), "Sonny Rollins: A Night At The Village Vanguard" All About Jazz.
  2. ^ abYanow, Scott. "A Night at the Village Vanguard > Review". Allmusic. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ abChristgau, Robert. "A Night at the Village Vanguard > Review". Robert Christgau. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  4. ^Yanow, Scott (November 2, 2010). "Hard Bop (Essay)". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  5. ^ abCook, Richard and Brian Morton (2008), The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th edn.) Penguin, p. 1233.
  6. ^Swenson, J. (Editor) (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 170. ISBN 0-394-72643-X. 

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