Components Of A Narrative Essay

Elements of Narrative Writing

Narrative Unit Vocabulary terms
a series of incidents that are related to one another, what happens in a story, includes 5 stages (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution)
usually in the beginning of a story, where the characters, setting, and conflict (problem) are introduced
the part of the story where the conflict(s) develop, in which the suspense and interest builds
the turning point or most exciting moment of a story, in which the main character comes face to face with the main conflict and a change happens
all the loose ends of the plot are tied up, the conflict and climax are taken care of in this part of the story, and the suspense is eased
where the story comes to a reasonable ending and the outcome is resolved
the time and place of the action of a story, where and when it happens
the people, animals, or imaginary creatures that take part in a story
the main problem or struggle between different forces in a story, keeps the action moving forward, can be EXTERNAL or INTERNAL
a struggle between the character and an outside force (another character, group of characters, or nature)
a struggle within a character's mind which happens when a character must deal with opposing thoughts or feelings
the main character in a story, involved in the main conflict, usually seen as hero/heroine, and usually goes through a change as the plot runs its course
a force working against the protagonist (main character) in a story, usually another character, but can be a force of nature, society, or an internal force w/in the main character, usually seen as the bad guy/villain
undergoes an important change in the story that occurs as the plot unfolds, comes to a realization that permanently changes them (protagonist is usually dynamic, but not always)
remains the same throughout a story, and while something may happen to them, they do not change as a result of the events of the plot
the important lesson, moral, or teaching we gain from looking closely at the characters' actions, as well as the events and outcomes of the story
is the story of the writer's own life, told by the writer
the life story of a person told by someone else
a conversation between characters, usually set off by quotation marks to indicate a speaker's exact words
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally. It is used by writers to state ideas in vivid or imaginative ways
includes characters, conflict, setting, and a plot and is usually written to share a theme (moral, or teaching) with the reader
the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told
Words and phrases that help readers see, hear, taste, feel, or smell what the author is describing
the process a writer uses to create and develop a character, and gives the reader details about a character's actions, thoughts, words, relationships and emotions
Writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real people, places, or events
narrative writing that is invented or imagined
those for whom a piece of writing is intended
words or phrases that help make smooth connections between parts of a text
a comparison between two things that are not alike using the words "like" or "as" (ex. "X is like Y")
a comparison between two things that are not alike without using the words "like" or "as" (ex. X is Y)
to give human characteristics to something that is not human (ex. The branches were waving at me.)
an obvious and intentional exaggeration (ex. I have a ton of homework.)
words that are sounds (ex, zap, pow, buzz, whoosh)
repetition of the first consonant sound (ex. She sells seashells by the seashore.)
words that create an image in the reader's mind that allow us to see what is not directly stated in the text, writing that shows instead of tells

The Components Of A Narrative Essay: Tips For Middle School Students


In middle school you will be required to write narrative essays very often. It is a way of stimulating your imagination and improving your language. Besides, it takes a lot of practice to know how to tell a good story and how to make it appealing for the ones who listen. In the beginning it might be confusing; other essays have very strict requirements, but not the narrative one. If you do not know the basic rules, but you want to complete your assignment in good way, pay attention to these tips:

  • Think about what you want to express.
  • It’s true, you have to tell a story, but it needs to have a final purpose or moral. The moral is usually connected with a theme that you already discussed in class, but you have to support it with some personal facts or stories. Is the story expressing these ideas in a clear way? Will other people be interested in it?
  • Don’t talk about things that everyone knows.
  • Let’s say that your little brother did something funny a few weeks ago and you told all your classmates about it. Clearly, it’s not good to say this again in your composition. They already know everything so they will have no reason to listen to you.
  • Create an outline.
  • This will help you structure the information in good way, and it will allow the readers to find what they are looking for without too much effort. This is the basic structure of your composition.
  • Write the first draft.
  • If you already have the topic and the structure you can start writing. This is the most important part of the process, but it’s fun and simple. In the end, you are just telling others a funny story from your life. How difficult it can be? Don’t focus on mistakes at this point.
  • Write the final conclusion.
  • As I said, this entire composition needs to have a purpose, which is usually to prove a point. Well, you have to mention in the end in what way your story is relevant to the subject. You can analyze the issue even further and you can discuss shortly about what you would make different if you would have the chance again. Maybe this will be useful for some of your classmates and it will make your narrative essay beneficial.

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