CROSS-CULTURAL MARRIAGES CONTRIBUTE TO RACIAL TOLERANCE
According to the Pew Research Center, 15 percent of U.S. newlyweds in 2010 were in marriages to people of another race or ethnic group and eight percent of all married people were in these cross-cultural marriages. This is up significantly from four percent in 1986. The growth in the number of these marriages contributes to racial tolerance. Intermarriage strengthens tolerance for reasons related to family, age, and mass media and social platforms.
Familial Ties Influence Tolerance of Interracial Marriage One reason cross-cultural marriages contribute to tolerance is because of family bonds. Thirty-five percent of Americans report that someone in their family married outside their race, according to a 2010 Pew Research Center study. Sixty-three percent of the respondents said they would be comfortable if someone in their family married someone from another race or ethnic group.Some people who have a hard-hearted attitude about cross-cultural marriage softened their views when they realize acceptance is the only way to maintain a good relationship with their child, sibling, relative or friend who has entered into one of these marriages. And even though people over 65 are less accepting of these marriages than younger people, not too many are willing to cut off a good relationship with their child because he or she entered into such a marriage. Certainly, most grandparents will want to stay connected with grandchildren who are the offspring of these relationships.
Young People Are More Likely To Accept Cross-Cultural Marriages
Age is a factor in who is more tolerant and accepting of intermarriage. While a Pew Research Center study about Millennials—defined by Pew as people ages 18 to 29—found that people over 65 were less accepting of cross-cultural marriages, it reported that large numbers of African-American, white and Hispanic Millennials would accept someone in their family marrying a person of another race or ethnic group.
The study, "Almost All Millennials Accept Interracial Dating and Marriage," also reported that 93 percent of the respondents said they would be okay with a family member marrying an Asian-American, 92 percent with a white American, 91 percent with a Hispanic-American and 88 percent with an African-American. Eighty-five percent said they would be okay with a marriage to any other group. Millennials are now the largest population by age in the U.S. At 75.4 million, they outnumber Baby Boomers (people ages 51 to 59) whose number is 74.9 million. For these reasons, more cross-cultural relationships can be expected.
Talk in Communication Outlets Influences Tolerance
The media's focus on celebrity couples is another reason tolerance moves forward. In bombarding people with images of famous people and their marriages, some of which are cross-cultural, mass media and chatter on social platforms foster acceptance. This coverage of celebrity couples is akin to advertising these marriages. The more people see celebrities in cross-cultural relationships, the more likely they are to accept them. In additional to some professional athletes, other famous people who have intermarried include Robert De Niro and Grace Hightower, George Lucas and Mellody Hobson, Audra McDonald and Will Swenson and Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan.
In conclusion, tolerance is fostered by intermarriage. Since the 1980s, the percentage of cross-cultural marriages has risen. Many younger people and people who have family and friends in these marriages accept them. Discussion about intermarriage in all forms of communication also contributes to the acceptance of these relationships. Within 30 years, nonwhites will outnumber whites, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. To avoid debilitating conflict within this country and to get along better with other nations, it is good for U.S. residents to look to successful cross-cultural marriages for inspiration about harmony and facing and overcoming the challenges of people's differences.
...contain beef and pork. Other Products do not contain eggs and are 100% vegetarian. The Indianized products have been so well Received that we even export McAloo Tikki burger and Veg. Pizza McPuff™ to the Middle East."However the company did not escape food criticism in the country. For instance, it hurt the religious sentiments of Indians by using beef flavoring for its "Vegetarian" French Fries. Cross Cultural Analysis: The McDonald’s is American fast food company did his job and they understand Indian cultural by knowing India’s Norms and Values they build trust in Indian market. They use logo like McDonald’s is family restaurant and not contain any animal food and they build Trust and civil society is necessary in order to create trust between people and state. Recommendation: In India many religions are living together and McDonalds also understand cultural by not using beef and poke in food in India in cultural not allowed and strike to not eat beef and poke. They create Trust in customer in their food is not contain beef or poke. My point of view they maintain cultural rules and trust in Indian market for business....
Words: 310 - Pages: 2
...6.0 Culture and Marketing 6.1 Marketing in a cross-cultural environment As the largest Western European country, France is a nation that takes immense pride in its history and prominent culture. Such cultural identities play a crucial role in French business culture, where appropriate conduct, mutual trust and understanding are the key to an organizations success. There are some problem to adapt the product and marketing with the people in France. That is why some intercultural marketing approach is needed. Culture Culture Management Management Organizations Organizations Communication Communication Marketer within Cross-Border Market Marketer within Cross-Border Market Figure 6.1: Marketing in a cross-cultural environment Source: Browaeys & Price, 2011 (page 229) In a company, marketing is one of important things to make sure the production’s activities are always proceeding. In a textbook written by Browaeys & Price (2011) had stated that, Wall and Rees (2004) divide marketing activities as follows: 1. Market analysis with at least three elements, which are environment analysis, buyer behavior and market research 2. Marketing strategy. Once a market has been scanned using the above tools, the company has to develop a strategy to give meaning and direction to its marketing activities. The strategies that often used are market segmentation and marketing mix. However, these approaches are no longer......
Words: 2498 - Pages: 10
...Cultural Marriages Cultural Marriages Kenny Lyday March 9th, 2013 EG351 Week 11 Project part 2 Dr. Dunn 11162824 The institution of marriage carries various social implications that determine quality of life depending upon the social construct of the couple. Learning to form bonds with others begins at a very young age, and in so doing, forms many of the decisions that adults have in weddings and ceremonies. Along with the bond, mate selection, cultural similarities and social attitudes help construct the institution of marriage. Ideas into the process of marriage and types of ceremonies shape the establishment of the joining of individuals. Being with the right person, determining if family and friends would be accepting of the choice made, and cultural similarities that can affect child rearing are a few questions that can be generated when the union of two individuals join together to solidify their bond into matrimony. In essence, typical marriages deal with the course of two individuals who gain emotional ties that become strong enough to believe that to complete the final choice in true commitment is to undergo the process of making an outward proclamation of togetherness. Many view this sort of ceremony to be sacred, and in fact, include various religious infusions that in many cases are culturally influenced. Primary decisions that influence marriage do not always include the idea of love, or even emotional bonds. The idea of being loneliness,......
Words: 2507 - Pages: 11
...Running head: CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY Cross-Cultural Psychology Charlene Marasco PSY/450 Sally Fleming March 28, 2011 Cross-cultural psychology Cultural psychology is an interdisciplinary program of research that explores the relationship between individual minds and the complex environments in which they are deployed. The approach focuses on the contribution that content-rich, complex environments – ranging from workplaces to cultural traditions to nation states – make in shaping basic cognitive processes. The comparative approach, or cross-cultural approach, uses experimental methods to compare and contrast groups in their performance on a range of psychological tasks with the objective of demonstrating cultural difference and commonality on some psychological aspect in the lab and field (Cultural Psychology., n.d). Cross-cultural psychology Cross-cultural psychology is a comparative study of cultural effects on human psychology, from different cultural groups, which looks at the psychological diversity and the underlying reasons for such diversity. Meaning how people in groups relate to the environment and the world around them, like feelings, thoughts, how and where they live, and how cultural groups at one point interact with another group. Cultural psychology is contributing significant insights into......
Words: 1171 - Pages: 5
...Cross-cultural communication can be difficult in some countries because what is acceptable in one culture may be unacceptable in another. When people are immersed in an environment where facial expressions such as eye contact and body gestures are alien to their own experience, they may suffer from disorientation and frustration. Therefore, it is significant to learn the body language of different cultures. This essay focuses on the use of nonverbal communication in North America, Thailand, and some other parts of the world. Facial expression is the most important source of nonverbal communication in all cultures. However, sometimes it can be hard to interpret the meaning through facial cues. Since there are many facial expressions, such as those for happiness, sadness, fear, and anger, it may be hard to distinguish which expression the person is trying to convey. According to Carey’s report, “facial expressions [are the most] obvious ones [that] can be very misleading, because most [people] are pretty good at covering a lie” (350). In North America, people pay much attention to facial expressions during interactions because it helps them to understand what the other person is trying to convey. Eye contact is a crucial aspect of communication, and it is a valuable source of information in many cultures. Levin and Adelman state, “[in] a conversation too little eye contact may be seen negatively because it conveys lack of interest,......
Words: 522 - Pages: 3
Cross Cultural in China
...Typeset by MPS Limited, Chennai, India. 10.1057/9781137293473 - Expatriates in China, Ilaria Boncori Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to University of Wollongong - PalgraveConnect - 2014-05-17 Contents List of Figures and Tables Foreword by Heather Höpfl Preface Part I Overview 1 Introduction to International Business in China China in the world Internationalization and globalization of businesses Expatriate adjustment My China Part II Before China 2 A Good Beginning is Halfway to Success Motivation, starting points and expectations Pioneering in China 3 Pre-departure Knowledge Language Understanding cultural matters 4 Recruitment and Preparation Expatriate recruitment and selection Expect the unexpected Part III In China 5 When in China Do as the Chinese Do First impressions Models of adjustment and cultural shock 6 Expatriates in the Middle Kingdom A framework of expatriate typologies in China 7 Expatriate Adjustment Initial adjustment Social adjustment Work adjustment 81 81 83 92 92 103 103 107 119 31 31 35 39 39 49 54 54 62 3 3 16 18 26 vii viii x Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to University of Wollongong - PalgraveConnect - 2014-05-17 v 10.1057/9781137293473 - Expatriates in China, Ilaria Boncori vi Contents 8 No Place Like Home Home and away Expatriate identity Part IV After China 152 152 154 10 Repatriation Adjustment Re-entry culture shock Issues at work Changes to habits,......
Words: 104917 - Pages: 420
...Cross-Cultural Communication Matrix University of Phoenix Com/285 December 16, 2010 Cross-Cultural Communication Matrix Cross Cultural Communication Country Preferred communication style Non-verbal communication practices Business communication norms Strategies to increase cross-cultural communication Saudi Arabia South Africa China Saudi Arabia Arab’s communication style is more elaborate, as they make use of various phrases while communicating. Therefore, Arabs are said to be expressive. They are said to be extravagant in exaggerating. Arabs also rely on non direct communication. Silence is used as a non verbal communication practice and it shows thoughful observation. Gestures and facial expressions are important non verbal communication practices as well. Eye contact is also important to the Arab businessmen. If a person maintains eye contact, this shows his sincerity and truthfulness. Business should be in coherence to the culture of the country. It is important to make prior appointments for making business dealings. Thursday and Fridays are off in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, buiness communications should not be done on these days. Face to face interaction is highly favored. (Gorrill, 2007). It is important to understand the particular culture of a country. So, reading about the specific culture and getting information through books or internet will help in increasing the cross cultural communication. Introduction of training......
Words: 423 - Pages: 2
Cross Cultural Marriage
...cross-cultural marriage Nowadays, cross-cultural marriage has become a common trend in society. Globalization, in my opinion, is nevertheless one of the primary causes that contribute to the occurrence of this phenomenon. People in in the world are no longer isolated from their geographical locations and cultures. However, one might ask whether cross-cultural and international marriage always beneficial. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss this is issue in terms of its advantages and disadvantages. From the one side, international marriage can reduce the gap that exist in both cultures. This gap is reduced because people from different cultures and nationalities have opportunity to understand each other in a very objective way. Moreover, understanding other culture will demolish all the negative stereotypes that people perceived in their minds. Furthermore, when people are able to understand one another, i believe it will result to a better and peaceful world. From other side, however, we should also realize the fact that cross-cultural and international marriage can create several problems. In a case where a couple is originated from totally two different cultures and religious beliefs, it can produce conflict, both internal and external. We often see the case where a husband or a wife is being removed from his or her family circle, simply because he or she decided to marry someone who comes from other culture that has strong attachment to certain religious......
Words: 324 - Pages: 2
Defining Cross Cultural Psychology
...Cross-Cultural Psychology Stephanie Sorrell Psychology 450 February 24, 2014 Dr. Jenne Meyer Cross-Cultural Psychology Introduction Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior. There are many different branches and fields of psychology. The field of psychology that will be discussed within this paper is called cross-cultural psychology. Cultural psychology will also be discussed. To begin these types of psychology will be defined and the so the differences and similarities between the two will also be discussed. In order to fully grasp an understanding of cultural and cross-cultural psychology, the role of critical thinking within this scientific study as well as the methodology used in this field of psychology will also be discussed. In the conclusion of this paper, a deep understanding of cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology should be attained. This is yet another way in which people can attempt to understand why people, specifically groups of people, act the way they act, uphold certain traditions that they uphold and maintain certain customs that each culture has. It is only when a full knowledge of all similarities and differences amongst human beings is attained, that we can learn to work together as one for better of this world that we call home. Cultural Psychology In order to define cultural psychology, a definition of culture must first be stated. Culture is defined by the attitudes, behaviors, and symbols shared among a large group...
Words: 1161 - Pages: 5
...markets globally and offer an enhanced value proposition to our customers. This exercise has also provided us a staging platform for expansion across the entire oil and gas (“O&G”) development value chain and is creating potential cross-selling business development opportunities across the Group. 53 PERFORMANCE REVIEW World’s 1 OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS The creation of SKD in May 2013 proceeded smoothly with human capital and strategic assets from both Seadrill Limited (“Seadrill”) and SapuraKencana integrated in a seamless manner, managing to fully retain their client base and key employees. The combination of Seadrill’s deep operational expertise, world-class customer access and ongoing transfer of knowledge, have certainly helped propel SapuraKencana’s competitive position and enabled us to take advantage of the positive growth dynamics within the industry. SKD is today a leading offshore drilling services provider globally with multiple No. Tender Rig Owner & Operator growth opportunities and strong value creation potential. The integration has accorded the Group more exposure to the higher margin drilling segment, expanded our reach across the entire value chain in key markets and is providing us the ability to leverage on more cross-selling opportunities. In FY2014, SKD’s existing tender rigs continued to undertake their longterm fixed price contracts for client’s such as Chevron, Royal Dutch Shell plc (“Shell”), PTTEP Thailand, BP plc (“BP”) and......
Words: 70759 - Pages: 284
...CROSS-CULTURAL/INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION Photo by: Yuri Arcurs Business is not conducted in an identical fashion from culture to culture. Consequently, business relations are enhanced when managerial, sales, and technical personnel are trained to be aware of areas likely to create communication difficulties and conflict across cultures. Similarly, international communication is even further strengthened when businesspeople can anticipate areas of commonality. Finally, business in general is enhanced when people from different cultures find new approaches to old problems creating solutions by combining cultural perspectives and examining the problem at hand from each other's differing cultural perspectives. ETHNOCENTRISM Problems in business communication conducted across cultures often arise when participants from one culture are unable to understand culturally determined differences in communication practices, traditions, and thought processing. At the most fundamental level, problems may occur when one or more of the people involved clings to an ethnocentric view of how to conduct business. Ethnocentrism is the belief that one's own cultural group is somehow innately superior to others. 1 It is easy to say that ethnocentrism only affects the bigoted or those ignorant of other cultures, and so is unlikely to be a major factor in one's own business communication. Yet difficulties due to a misunderstanding of elements in cross-cultural communication may affect...
Words: 6025 - Pages: 25
... Cuisine Foods - The Chinese are rightfully proud of their rich culture of food and drink in the world. Everybody who has visited a Chinese restaurant knows that there is a very varied menu to choose from. As we have seen from the geography of the country, China was home a wide range of flora and fauna, fruit and vegetable, animals and grains. Chinese foods reflect this diversity a few broad categories: rice; beans; vegetable; meats; fruits; spices. Utensils - A Chinese kitchen has three essential items: a rice cooker, a work caiguo (simply a frying pan) and the cleaver caidao (simply a knife) Chopsticks - Chinese people have eaten with chopsticks, style of chopsticks used in longer sticks that are square in cross section where they are held, and round in cross section Regional varieties - The Chinese say there are four main varieties of cuisine: Northern (Beijing area), Southern (Canton), Eastern (Shanghai) and Central southwestern (Sichuan) • Northern food is renowned for its thick rich sauces and meats. Another classic duck (Beijing duck) • Southern Chinese food is far more familiar as ‘Cantonese’ food because the largest percentage of Chinese to settle abroad came from the canton area. There is a distinct preference for fresh vegetable, seafood and lighter tasting sauces. • Eastern food is the least exciting relative to the other places. The dishes slightly more vegetarian, such as bamboo, mushrooms and tofu. • Central southwestern food is the land of......
Words: 1105 - Pages: 5
Understanding Cross-Cultural Management
...Understanding Cross-Cultural Management Second Edition Marie-Joëlle Browaeys & Roger Price Part One CULTURE AND MANAGEMENT Concept 1.1 Facets of culture Introduction to Part One Setting the scene This introductory chapter will give an outline of the research in the field of culture and management, which in turn serves as a framework for Part One. The concept of culture Many experts in their ﬁelds have wracked their brains to come up with what they consider to be their concept of ‘culture’. Those working in the ﬁeld of cultural anthropology, alone, for example, have come up with a long list of deﬁnitions of the concept, based on their analysis of ethnological, social, psychological and linguistic data. The attempt made by Bodley (1994) to summarize these (Table I.1) gives an idea of all the facets of culture that need to be taken into account from an anthropological perspective. Although acknowledging the multiplicity of cultures, the authors of this book consider that the fundamental aspect of culture is that it is something all humans learn in one way or another. It is not something people inherit, but rather a code of attitudes, norms and values, a way of thinking that is learnt within a social environment. Family, the social environment, school, friends, work – all these help to form this code and determine how people see themselves and the world. The national culture and the particular region which people live in also help to shape a...
Words: 97340 - Pages: 390
...“Cross Cultural Communication” “Everyone has a culture. Americans struggle to understand their own culture which leads to difficulties in learning effectively about cultural differences”-stated by The Cross Cultural Communications for Healthcare Professionals. As a Texan born and raised learning how to cross communicate with others can be challenging but can be done. Today I will be giving you a insight on how cross cultural communication is very important in the healthcare industry and even in our everyday living. To start off, as a nurse assistant communicating with residents that couldn’t speak or even read English was a problem trying to administer medications, take vitals and hold a conversation. But eventually it became easier with dedication and a few mistakes made. I won’t say it is easy but it gets better with time and giving it more than one chance. Often people misjudge others because of their appearance, what they eat or how they sound when they speak. But in reality we all make a first impression on someone or something. Getting to know someone and about their history is pretty interesting and teaching someone about yourself and your background is a great way of communicating. Here are (5) important skills to me to remember when communicating with people of the world. First, Gain Respect, the ability to express respect for others is an important part of effective cross cultural communication.......
Words: 882 - Pages: 4
...Cross-Cultural Country Report Communication varies from state to state and country to country. It just depends on the culture. Business is handled in a different ways all across the world. The way people greet, dress, communicate, and even address each other will vary from country to country. Belize is a country that uses mister, misses, and doctor to address people only if you have earned that title. The way of business in Belize is different from that of the United States. Men and women typically greet each other in the same manor in Belize. Men greet other men with a handshake and if they have previously meet before the men may give each other a pat on the shoulder. Women greet each other with a handshake as well. Women may also give each other a hug, handshake, and/or a slight kiss on the cheek. Men and women greet each other the same as men greet men, and women greet women. Here in the United States we greet each other with a firm handshake and call each other by our last names, such as Mr. James or Ms. or Mrs. Beard. A hug could follow this depending on the relationship of the individuals. Although the way we greet each other in the United States may be somewhat similar to that of Belize, the business wear is more on the relaxed side. Men and women often wear cotton, or khaki long pants. Knit and collared shirts are accepted for both men and women as well. Women are allowed to wear Capri length pants to work. All sandals, except flip flops are accepted for men...
Words: 310 - Pages: 2